Eczema & Dry Skin
Baby skin is significantly thinner than adult skin in structure, composition, and function. Due to this biological design, babies tend to lose moisture nearly twice as fast as adult skin can. Baby skin’s buffering capacity continues to develop over the first few years of life, losing and gaining water more rapidly. This causes baby skin to have less natural moisturizing factors, resulting in dry and sensitive skin although it may or may not look fine on the surface.
Because skin dryness and sensitivity is often not picked up until the condition has flared up to eczema, it is important to identify symptoms early to prevent worsening of the condition. Early symptoms of dry or sensitive skin include mild redness, easily irritated skin or flaking of skin without broken skin. In the absence of this and if you are not sure if your baby has dry/sensitive skin, you may attempt a simple test. Gently use your fingernail and gently scratch your baby’s skin – do you see a white line or a faint reddish line? If yes, then your baby may be showing early symptoms of skin dryness and sensitivity.
Scroll below for some tips on dealing with dry or sensitive skin.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects up to 20 percent of all babies. Eczema,is frequently seen in babies with a family history of eczema, asthma or allergic rhinitis. It is usually experienced as periods of flare-ups followed by periods of no or few symptoms. In babies, it often appears as a red, irritated, itchy rash on the face and scalp. In some cases, certain foods (such as cow's milk, eggs, wheat or oranges) may provoke a flare-up.
In babies, eczema often appears as a rash on the hands, face, neck, inside of the elbows and back of the knees, but may spread to other areas. Eczema rashes are associated with intense itching (pruritus). If the condition continues or is severe, you should definitely talk to your baby’s healthcare provider to understand if the condition is clinical eczema (atopic dermatitis) or dry skin, and to learn the best way to treat and manage. Here are some tips for dealing with eczema, as well as extremely dry or sensitive skin:
- Avoid the things you think may cause itching, such as dust, grass, weeds, wool clothing and certain soaps, detergents, fabric softeners and perfumes. It may help to keep a diary to determine the cause
- Give your baby short baths — no more than 5 to 10 minutes — in water that is warm, not hot
- Use mild skin cleansers or shampoos specially made for babies with sensitive skin Be extra careful on areas often exposed to the environment
- Dry the skin after a bath by patting with a soft towel, and then immediately apply moisturizer. Do not rub the skin
- Moisturize frequently throughout the day, especially after bathing
- Use an emollient cream, smoothing it into the skin in a downward motion
Although eczema can be an irritating condition, especially during periods of flare-ups, by following these tips, you can help to make your baby more comfortable.